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EXEGESIS > Old Testament > Pentateuch > Exodus 


I am the Lord your God,
who brought you out of the land of Egypt,
out of the house of bondage.
Ex. 20:2

The designation of “Exodus” comes from the Greek word exodos, meaning “exit” or “departure,” and appeared in the Septuagint and was kept by the Vulgate, but in the Hebrew the title of the book, “These are the names,” is taken from the first line of the text.

Exodus, called by Jesus “the book of Moses” (Mk. 12:26), is the second book of the Pentateuch and contains forty chapters, continuing the history of the descendants of Abraham. In Genesis the nation is promised and in Exodus the nation develops; in Genesis there is one family and in Exodus there are twelve tribes.

Exodus begins with the state of the Hebrew people in Egypt after they had moved there during a time of famine (Gen. 46). Their presence in Egypt led to bondage and oppression. The nation cried out to God for help and deliverance. God raised up Moses who confronted Pharaoh and demanded freedom for the people. Pharaoh refused and God sent the plagues upon the Egyptians, who subsequently allow the nation to leave.

The nation traveled to Mt. Sinai where God gave the Law, the Torah, to the nation through Moses. Additional, God gave instruction for the building of the Tabernacle. With the Law and the Tabernacle God is telling the nation how to live and how to worship. Also, He is revealing more fully who He is and His purpose for the nation.

The book is a historical account of part of the nation’s history, and the history serves to teach, illustrate, and symbolize spiritual truths that are found throughout the Scriptures. Like Israel, man is a captive, a captive of sin, and needs deliverance which can only be accomplished by a Savior, who will bring liberation to the individual like Moses brought freedom to the nation. Evil always opposes the work of the Good, so God must intervene and accomplish His purpose. Redemption is always the doing of God. And with redemption there is always death and the shedding of blood.

The book can be outlined according to three divisions:

Escape from Captivity – Chs. 1-18; Redemption of the Nation

Law at Sinai – Chs. 19-24; How the Nation was to Live

Earthly Tabernacle – Chs. 25-40; How the Nation was to Worship

Passages with Exegesis

        Ex. 2:11-22 - Moses in Midian

        Ex. 3:1-10 - God's Meeting with Moses

        Ex. 3:13-15 - YHWH

        Ex. 4:21 - God and Pharaoh

        Ex. 6:1-13 - I am the Lord

        Ex. 6:4-5 - The Covenant

        Ex. 7:8-13 - Serpent Rods

        Ex. 7-12 - The Plagues

        Ex. 12 - The Passover Lamb

        Ex. 15:1-18 - Song of Moses

Return to Pentateuch

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